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"The Dish on Health IT"

Engaging discussion around Health IT with perspectives from across the healthcare landscape. This informative and entertaining rotating panel of senior health IT consultants and their guests will keep you in the know about the latest innovations, policies and industry shifts impacting healthcare and point out the opportunities that lie within.

The Dish on Health IT

 

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EPISODES

Episode 5: Innovation in Health IT

 

Kurt Schiller and Mark Hughey from Arcweb join hosts, Gary Austin and Ken Kleinberg to talk about innovation in health IT. Our guests share what kind of innovative projects their Philadelphia-based software development firm is tackling, how they guide their clients through innovation projects and the importance of starting with a business use case before tackling a new project. 

Ken Kleinberg kicked off the conversation by setting the stage around software innovation and the use of APIs. Ken explains that while many leading EHR softwares, despite their large R&D budgets, are still using decades old technologies. Many EHR companies have developed their own app stores, however, many of these have relied on proprietary technology. With the entrance of and expanded adoption of open APIs, there is a bigger opportunity fill in the gaps and impact patient experience in a big way. 

Arcweb is in the world of innovation and acceleration rather than enterprise systems. Mark Hughey shared his analogy comparing Health IT innovation with a successful race car driving team. Hughey shared that a main focus of the innovation Arcweb is seeing is around patient experience, more specifically, technology being applied to better meet patient's changing expectations. 

Kurt Schiller shared some examples of recent work completed which are examples of three different areas where there seems to be a lot of activity. 

One example is patient scheduling. Rather than expecting patients to call the physician office to make an appointment there is a desire to allow patients to make appointments via an app. Up to now, the barrier was a business issue related to software architecture. Allowing patients to book an appt in two clicks versus 

The next is around rare disease management to allow physicians to share data between themselves and augment their ability to treat patients with disease states they may not see frequently. 

Finally, apps to support behavior change to better support disease state management. 

Gary asked how Arcweb approaches new projects and how they go about planning the execution, timeframe and budget. Hughey empasized that they always begin by introducing customers to the idea of the iron triangle with three core pillars of scope, budget, and time. Two of these at any point can be optimized but never all three at once. This drives a conversation towards priorities so these are clearly articulated at project start. This helps Arcweb tailor the approach. 

Gary then asked how they measure success. Hughey explains that key metrics of success are established from the beginning. This helps ensure the client team is on the same page with expectation. 

Half of Arcweb's business is healthcare. Compared to other industries, healthcare key metrics of success are more confounding to set whether the client wants to improve patient experience, reduce administrative burden, improve clinical outcomes or some other metric. 

Ken weighs in on key metrics of success by saying the conversation that reminds him of the old balance scorecard and that innovation/excitement measure could almost be added as an additional metric on the scorecard. 

Gary then moves the conversation to talk about how COVID-19 has served as an accelerator for innovation planning. Schiller explains that many stakeholders realize there are gaps in data exchange inhibiting their response to the pandemic.  Some decisions for short-term ease may cause some longer term issues but definitely have stakeholders looking more long-term with how they can build solutions that will better support telehealth and other areas in the longer term as well as revisiting frameworks and infrastructures.

The big challenge structurally is that even though you have innovation labs, core IT ops  and research but in the case of research they don't have access to core IT and the purpose of core IT is to keep data safe and not innovation. 

Key takeaway from Arcweb? As those responsible for bringing technology solutions to life to enhance the health and well being of those we serve, we should be unwilling to be less than we can be. 

Part 2, Episode 4: HIEs Now & Future

 

The discussion continues with guest, Dr. Tim Pletcher, Executive Director of the Michigan Health Information Network Shared Services (MiHIN) joins The Dish on Health IT panel of senior consultants, Gary Austin, Jocelyn Keegan and Ken Kleinberg to discuss the role of Health Information Exchanges in healthcare, their role in the response to COVID-19 and what role they can serve in the future once TEFCA is finalized.  

Part 2 of the discussion jumps in with how MiHIN responded to COVID-19 by creating a separate group to serve public health needs during the crisis. MiHIN also created a telehealth service to better serve patients and support stay at home orders. 

>Dr. Pletcher explained they acceleration the connections with labs and expressed his desire for results to be sent back via API instead of batch files to expedite results availability. Data links and analytics have taken on a whole new role during this time. 

MiHIN has taken on a support role which may have pumped the brakes on some innovation projects but there has been opportunity to increase the priority of other projects that could directly positively impact the pandemic response. 

Jocelyn explained why its so important to meet people where they are in order to make progress. This time is also a time for these simulated barriers to drop. She asked Dr. Pletcher how MiHIN is dealing with perceived security issues when working with innovation projects or partnering with new stakeholders. 

Dr. Pletcher responded by saying that their biggest challenge right now are Quest and Labcorp because they don't like to share data but this will be resolved through government intervention. The issues generally are not technical issues but business issues with one partner either not wanting to share data or restricting how the data can be used. 

The group went on to discuss how dropping the rules to facilitate the use of telehealth more readily will be a huge driver for change and innovation and hopefully the rules will remain suspended because patients should have more access via telehealth even over state lines. 

>The conversation moved to data blocking with Gary pointing out EHRs are usually the ones getting the finger pointed at them for data blocking. Dr. Pletcher expressed that Epic or Cerner have never blocked or withheld data in Michigan so he doesn't know who it really is doing the data blocking. 

Will the US do more around pandemic surveillance like Taiwan and South Korea? Will HIEs support something like? Ken pointed out that some people don't want to be tracked in this way and will opt out or avoid it, however, if it's the only way a person is allowed to get into a ball game or something, they likely will. Dr. Pletcher explained that opt-in and opt-out is an archaic concept. There is a much better framework which would allow patients to express a more granular desire of how they want their data to be used. Doctors have choices too and when patients consent to receive treatment, physician choices come into play. 

The group highlighted where there are similarities between the financial and healthcare industries related to security and data access until the complexities of healthcare ends the similarities with identity being a major hurdle. With the explosion of patient apps, there is also a trust factor the that comes into play as far as understanding what data that can be obtained from patients apps can be trusted and whether they will look at HIEs as the consolidator of data vs going to Payers. 

 

Part 1, Episode 4: HIEs Now & Future

 

Guest, Dr. Tim Pletcher, Executive Director of the Michigan Health Information Network Shared Services (MiHIN)joins The Dish on Health IT panel of senior consultants, Gary Austin, Jocelyn Keegan and Ken Kleinberg to discuss the role of Health Information Exchanges in healthcare, their role in the response to COVID-19 and what role they can serve in the future once TEFCA is finalized.  

Gary Austin kicked off the episode by having Ken and Jocelyn give their perspective on HIEs. Ken went on to provide a primer on the history of HIEs and their varying role depending on the model before going on to mention that the Trusted Exchange Framework and Common Agreement (TEFCA) may change the ecosystem once finalized. 

Dr. Pletcher explained that the MiHIN Group is comprised of 3 companies: MiHIN,  Velatura & Interoperability Institute. Each company serves a specific purpose. Velatura was created to stay aware of what is happening at the national level and to operate nationally. The Interoperability Institute is a research and development group staffed by interns who are the next generation of Health IT professionals. 

HIEs were compared to public commons, like parks and good roads and bridges that people want to have but don't necessarily want to pay for. Dr. Pletcher pointed out that many HIEs were created prematurely before EHR standards and adoption was where it needed to be for valuable data exchange. 

Ultimately the value model for MiHIN is based on use cases that are then driven to mass adoption.    The value lies primarily with the government and health insurance companies so payers primarily pay for MiHIN service so providers are incentivized to improve data quality while being subsidized to change their workflow to do so. 

What's the difference between the successful HIE vs struggling models? Dr. Pletcher pointed out that it's centered around the value the HIE is bringing to each stakeholder and building upon it over time while following the money. 

Jocelyn added that solving real problems and talking about the elephants in the room to deal with barriers head-on is crucial. She offered that having MiHIN join the HL7 Da Vinci Project is hastening progress. There is an opportunity for HIEs to reinvent themselves as more flexible API standards are developed and take advantage of fielded codifiable exchange tools to get things into real production environments and take out custom codes and massive production efforts. 

The team continued to discuss the financial model of HIEs and how they may evolve post-COVID-19. Will there be more government funding after COVID-19 calms down? Maybe, but there are a lot of people in need and the general funds at the state level are tapped. There may be some federal programs that look toward automation to cut down on some of he manual processes that are still eating up resources. There may be other non-government revenue streams that open up either with employers or by offering telehealth services at the HIE level. 

Jocelyn pointed out that while streamlining and making data liquid in general (whether through HIEs or just better adoption of APIs in general) is a money saver for health systems and payers,  patients also win through getting better, more informed care and ultimately leading to better outcomes. 

Part 2 of this conversation is coming soon!

 

Part 2, Episode #3: Health IT and the Law

 

Our guest, David Szabo, Co-Chair of the Health Care practice, a Partner in the Corporate and Transactional Department, and a member of the Privacy & Cybersecurity Practice Group with Locke Lord, LLP joins our regular panel of senior health IT consultants, Ken Kleinberg, Jocelyn Keegan and Gary Austin to dish on Health IT and the Law.

The panel and guest, David Szabo, continued the discussion from Part 1 by shifting the focus to the complexities of price transparency. Not only with what data is needed to provide meaningful information about the price patient's can expect to pay but to how widely this information should be expected to be shared without crossing a line to reveal contract details that companies may feel are proprietary. There has been a push by this administration to increase transparency of contract prices as well. This has been responded to in a patchwork of approaches. Ultimately, the panelists and guest agreed that the importance and impact of price transparency on patients is different in situations whether the patient is experiencing a chronic illness or an acute episode.  When a patient is in the middle of an emergency shopping around for price goes out the window. Price transparency for chronic or scheduled elective procedures may be where work around meaningful price transparency will progress more quickly. 

The panelists and guest then moved to discuss data privacy and patient consent.  As patients begin to adopt 3rd party health apps and consent for their physicians to share their data with these 3rd party applications, data privacy no longer falls under HIPAA. Physicians may play a role in encouraging patients to carefully read privacy policies for these apps, however, physicians ultimately don't have any control over what the patient chooses to do with their data. The discussion talked about the philosophy driving these rules is the fervent belief that the more data patients have, the better decisions they will make which remains to be seen. 

Data in these apps could be used by pharmaceutical companies to better track efficacy data in the real world. 

Will FTC have a bigger role in enforcement/protection of health data shared with 3rd party apps? Szabo felt that congress would need to grant more powers to FTC for them to get into the role of mandating a minimum amount of protections versus their current role which is to investigate after a breach or misuse of data has already occurred.

What should payers, health IT vendors, and providers be doing? Szabo recommends that everyone get ready. Have an interoperability policy that addresses your obligations and lays out a framework for the rules and exceptions. Ken added that stakeholders should take this time to consider how their policies and long term health IT strategies will make healthcare better rather than meet the minimum regulations requirements. 

 

Part 1, Episode #3: Health IT and the Law

Our guest, David Szabo, Co-Chair of the Health Care practice, a Partner in the Corporate and Transactional Department, and a member of the Privacy & Cybersecurity Practice Group with Locke Lord, LLP joins our regular panel of senior health IT consultants, Ken Kleinberg, Jocelyn Keegan and Gary Austin to dish on Health IT and the Law.

During Part 1 of this 2-part series, the discussion covers:

  • compliance with CMS/ONC rules and consequences of non-compliance,
  • Information blocking: what is it? what happens if you do it? what are the implications for patients consenting to share data with 3rd party apps outside of HIPAA
  • telehealth: relaxed regulations and waivers, mandated reimbursement rates, loosening practice borders, vendor preferences, increased usage, potential for fraud

Look forward to Part 2 which covers price transparency and pick up the conversation around data privacy issues that may arise due to information blocking regulations

Episode #2: Telehealth Now and In the Future

 

 

Episode #1: Health IT in a COVID-19 World